This reading forms part of the so-called Apocalypse of Isaiah 24:1-27:13. This post was originally posted during advent. Notations in red represent my additions to Haydock’s notes.
Isa 25:6 And the Lord of hosts shall make unto all people in this mountain, a feast of fat things, a feast of wine, of fat things full of marrow, of wine purified from the lees.
This mountain, Mount Sion, a figure of the Church, and of heaven (see Heb 12:22-29). The Jews shall feast: yea, some of all nations shall partake of the blessed Eucharist, and obtain heaven. The expressions are too grand for a corruptible feast. (Calmet) — Wine. Literally, “of vintage,” (Haydock) on which occasion great rejoicings were made. (Hesiod, Hercul. 297.) — Protestants, “of wines on the lees.” (Haydock) — In the East, the wines were very thick, Psalm lxxv. 9. (Calmet) — On the rejection of the Jews, the Gentiles were converted. (Worthington). See Romans 11.
Wine is often a sign of God’s blessings (Deut 7:13; Prov 3:10 ff.; Hos 2:10; Joel 2:24; John 2:1-12). The absence or withdrawal of wine was a sign of God’s displeasure (Deut 28:30, Deut 28:39; Hos 2:11; Hos 9:2; Amos 5:11; Zeph 1:13). In the Apocalypse of Isaiah 24:1-27:13, which is the context of today’s reading, the wine was said to mourn, and the vines languish (see Isa 24:7-11). God’s Punishment is intended to lead people to repentance, turning back to God so that they may be saved.
The Old Testament attests that God chose and formed a people for himself, in order to reveal and carry out his loving plan. But at the same time God is the Creator and Father of all people; he cares and provides for them, extending his blessing to all (cf. Gen 12:3); he has established a covenant with all of them (cf. Gen 9:1-17). Israel experiences a personal and saving God (cf. Deut 4:37; Deut 7:6-8; Isa 43:1-7) and becomes his witness and interpreter among the nations. In the course of her history, Israel comes to realize that her election has a universal meaning (cf. for example Isa 2:2-5; Isa 25:6-8; Isa 60:1-6; Jer 3:17; Jer 16:19).~Pope John Paul II, Redemptoris Missio 12.
Isa 25:7 And he shall destroy in this mountain the face of the bond with which all people were tied, and the web that he began over all nations.
Tied. He will open their eyes to the truth of the gospel. They shall be no longer as criminals, expecting death, or mourning.
He shall destroy on this mountain the face of the bond with which all people were tied, and the web that he began over all nations. The RSV reads: “And he will destroy on this mountain the covering that is cast over all peoples, the veil that is spread over all nations.” The NAB reads: “On this mountain he will destroy the veil that veils all peoples, the web that is woven over all nations.”
What is being reversed here is the punishment which was upon the earth in Isa 24:17-20.
Isa 25:8 He shall cast death down headlong for ever: and the Lord God shall wipe away tears from every face, and the reproach of his people he shall take away from off the whole earth: for the Lord hath spoken it.
He shall cast death down headlong for ever. Hebrew, “he shall swallow up death in victory,” 1 Corinthians 15:54. Christ, by dying, conquered death, and rescued us from its power, if we do not voluntarily subject ourselves to it again. This was faintly represented by the liberation of the captives.
Isa 25:9 And they shall say in that day: Lo, this is our God, we have waited for him, and he will save us: this is the Lord, we have patiently waited for him, we shall rejoice and be joyful in his salvation.
No notes are offered on this verse by Haydock.
And they shall say on that day: Lo, this is our God, we have waited for him, &c. patient waiting with vigilance in faith and hope is a major theme of Advent. Recall that Psalm 25:1-3 was used as the entrance antiphon for the First Sunday of Advent
Isa 25:10 For the hand of the Lord shall rest in this mountain: and Moab shall be trodden down under him, as straw is broken in pieces with the wain.
Mountain: the Church. (Calmet) — Moab. That is, the reprobate, whose eternal punishment, from which they can no way escape, is described under these figures. (Challoner) — The Machabees probably executed this vengeance on Moab, 1 Macc 5:6.