3. Know ye not that we, as many as are baptized in Christ Jesus, have been baptized in his death?
4. For we have been buried with him through baptism into death; that as Christ rose from the dead through the glory of the Father, so we also may walk in newness of life.
Chapter 6. In this chapter the Apostle replies further and more fully to the calumny already noticed in Chapter 4:8, and shows that the Christian, being dead to sin, should live to the service of God.
3. Baptized in Christ Jesus. The Greek has, baptized into Christ Jesus, baptized into his death. Into the resemblance and representation of his death. Baptism is a type of the death of Christ.
4. We have been buried with him. Baptism is also a type of the burial of Christ. In the Apostolic age, Baptism was administered by three immersions of the body in the water. These were held to represent the death and burial of Christ, and the rising again from the water represented his resurrection from the dead. Origen is of opinion that this was regularly explained to the catechumens before they received the Sacrament, for which reason the Apostle, in adducing this illustration, prefaces it with the words. An ignoratis? know ye not ? And it might usefully be present to the minds of Christians in all ages. But it must further be observed, as Saint Thomas says, that the Christian Sacraments effect what they signify. Baptism produce s in us the effects of the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ, and applies these mysteries to us in such a way that we become partakers of them. By the application of the death and burial of Christ all our sins are remitted, and we die to sin—are set free from its service. By the application of the resurrection of Christ grace is given us, and we live a new and spiritual life.
The Apostle says, We are bnried with him to death, that is: that we may die. Christ was buried after death, the Christian is buried to die. Baptism is to us, Saint Chrysostom says, what the cross was to Christ. Christ was raised on the cross to die after the flesh: we are baptised to die to sin. To death, or into death, implies that it is to be a continuous death, to go on increasing all our
lives. In the day thou eatest, thou shalt die, Gen 2:17, that is, begin to die, receive the beginning of the process which will inevitably be completed at some future day.
As Christ rose from the dead by the glory of the Father. By the glorious power of God. The Greek has, was raised.
So we also may walk in newness of life. Rising from baptism, lead henceforward a new life, worthy of the sons of God, persevering in justice and always advancing in good works. As our death to sin, so also, our new and
supernatural life, should always grow, increase, and advance.
5. For if we have been planted together with him in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection.
6. Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin may be destroyed, and we may serve sin no more.
7. For he that is dead is justified from sin.
5. If we have been planted together with him. Rooted out from the evil ground, which is Adam, and planted in the good ground, which is Christ.
But the Greek has σύμφυτος (sumphutos), which the Syriac renders grafted. The graft draws its nourishment from the tree in which it is inserted, dies with it, in the sense in which trees die in the winter, and flourishes with it in the spring, in the splendour of a new and glorious life. We are grafted into Christ in the likeness of his death; and revive in the new life of grace, a copy and imitation of his glorious life of resurrection.
6. Our old man is crucified, our corrupt nature was crucified with Christ when he died on the cross, and is crucified individually to each of us in our baptism.
That the body of sin may be destroyed. The whole system or aggregation of sin, made up of its different parts and members, pride, covetousness, and the rest. This is the object and intention of our baptism.
That we may serve sin no more. Sin is a tyrant, and sinners are his slaves. We serve sin by compliance with our corrupt inclinations.
7. For he that is dead is justified from sin. The Syriac : the dead is set free from sin. A slave dead is a slave emancipated. Dying with Christ in baptism, we are set free from the tyranny of sin.
8. But if we are dead with Christ, we believe that we shall live together with Christ.
9. Knowing that Christ rising from the dead, dies not now, death shall have no further power over him.
10. For as he died, he died once for sin; as he lives, he lives to God.
11. So think also of yourselves, that you are dead indeed to sin, but living to God in Christ Jesus our Lord.
8. We believe that we shall live with Christ . From the resurrection of the soul to justice, he passes to the resurrection of the body at the last day, as an encouragement of hope. Dying with Christ we know, we trust with the certitude of faith, that we shall rise gloriously with him. For Christ is already raised, and lives free for ever from the power of death, or apprehension of it. We contemplate him dying, we contemplate him living; dying for sin; living henceforward wholly to God’s honour, wholly to God. So you in baptism died to sin, but also rose again, and now live to God; by the merits of Christ, the source of grace; in the likeness of Christ, who lives to God. Serve no longer the old tyrant (see ver. 12), or comply with his behests. Never again take service in his warfare (see ver. 13), or make your bodies instruments of iniquity, the tyrant whose commands are sin; but fight for your true leader, your God, your king, who has restored you to life, and surrender your bodies as Instruments of justice (13) to execute the commands of God.